|Granite (1968) by Isamu Noguchi (Yorkshire Sculpture Garden)|
|Isamu Noguchi (1929) by Winold Reiss|
|If it speaks to you, it is a metaphor|
The reference to metaphor reminds me of what Denis Donoghue wrote in his 2014 book Metaphor: "Metaphor, more than simile or metonymy, expresses one's desire to be free, and to replace the given world by an imagined world of one's desiring." This desire is a very modern one, and the more I learn about subjects like ecocriticism, the more I am struck by the influence of Romanticism, by the way that nature –– the earth –– has become "an imagined world of one's desiring." But did Goethe ever, like Noguchi, "listen to stone"?
Image sources: Nigel Homer; American National Biography; Photius